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You are here : 3-RX.com > Home > ArthritisHeart


Arthritic heart patients fear exercise, CDC says

Arthritis • • HeartFeb 27 09

Patients with arthritis and heart disease may be afraid to get the exercise they need to improve their health, U.S. government researchers said on Thursday.

They may not realize that a little exercise will relieve both conditions, the team at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

The researchers studied data from two national health surveys to find that 57 percent of adults with heart disease have arthritis, too, the team reported in the CDC’s weekly report on death and disease.

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White House names new head of AIDS policy office

AIDS/HIV • • Public HealthFeb 27 09

President Barack Obama named a Georgetown University health policy expert to head the White House AIDS policy office and coordinate efforts to reduce new HIV infections in the United States, officials said on Thursday.

Jeffrey Cowley, who previously worked for the National Association of People with AIDS activist group, was appointed to head the Office of National AIDS Policy, the White House said.

About 1.1 million Americans are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Clean living could cut one third of common cancers

CancerFeb 27 09

Healthier living could prevent about one third of the most common cancers in rich countries and about one quarter in poorer ones, international researchers said on Thursday.

Better diets, more exercise and controlling weight could also prevent more than 40 percent of colon and breast cancer cases in some countries, according to the study which urged governments and individuals to do more to cut the number of global cancer deaths each year.

“At the time of publication, roughly 11 million people worldwide are diagnosed with cancer and nearly eight million people die from cancer each year,” said Michael Marmot, who led the study from the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research.

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Another bird flu patient dies in Vietnam

FluFeb 27 09

A 32-year-old Vietnamese man infected with H5N1 bird flu has died in a hospital in the capital, a state-run newspaper reported on Friday.

The man contracted the virus in Ninh Binh province, some 90 km (60 miles) south of Hanoi, after eating ill poultry, the newspaper People’s Army said. He came down with a fever on Feb 11 and died on Feb 25, it said.

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Company-listed size for kid’s shoes seldom correct

Children's Health • • Public HealthFeb 27 09

When it comes to children’s shoes, the size listed by the manufacturer is rarely the true size, new research indicates. In nearly all cases, the manufacturers overstate the size, according to findings presented this week at the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) annual meeting in Las Vegas.

“The most striking finding of our study was that the majority of outdoor shoes and slippers of children were too small,” study chief Dr. Norman Espinosa, from the University of Zurich, Switzerland, told Reuters Health. “Interestingly, the shoe sizes given by the manufacturers almost never matched with the true sizes measured by us.”

Children wearing shoes that are too small may be at risk for developing foot deformities, the researchers warn.

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Best Treatments for Post-Burn Itching

Public HealthFeb 27 09

Jim Mashburn felt his legs cook.

Mr. Mashburn, a worker at a paper-recycling plant, fell through a loose grate and into a sump pit in September 2008 as he was preparing to inspect a steam valve. Super hot condensate, at a temperature of at least 140 degrees Fahrenheit, enveloped his legs instantly, searing skin up to his thighs.

A co-worker was able to pull Mr. Mashburn out of the pit within 30 seconds, sparing him a worse fate, but he was left with first-, second- and third-degree burns on both legs.

“Once I got out and pulled my pants and my boots off, I remember just watching the skin peel away like you were taking a ladies stocking off. That’s how fast the skin went away,” he recalled.

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Bringing Hope and Surgical Cures to the World’s Children

Children's Health • • Public HealthFeb 26 09

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) presented the 2009 Humanitarian Award to David P. Roye, Jr., MD, on February 26th at its 2009 Annual Meeting. This award honors Fellows of the Academy who have distinguished themselves by providing outstanding musculoskeletal care, both in the United States and abroad. In addition, this award recognizes those orthopaedic surgeons who help to improve the human condition by alleviating suffering and supporting and contributing to the basic human dignity of those in need. “I am truly humbled to receive this honor,” said Dr. Roye. “I consider myself fortunate to be able to provide orthopaedic care to children who have no other resources.”

Dr. Roye is currently chief of the pediatric orthopaedic service and the St. Giles Professor of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery at the Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, Columbia University Medical Center. He has been a member of the faculty at Columbia since completing his fellowship at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada. Dr. Roye continues to commit himself to caring for underserved children with orthopaedic conditions, as well as teaching other orthopaedic surgeons, and conducting research on musculoskeletal problems in children.

Dr. Roye became an integral member of the Children of China Pediatrics Foundation (CCPF), in 1999, providing orthopaedic surgical services to special needs Chinese orphans. He became the foundation’s executive medical director in 2002.

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Healthy Food Availability Could Depend on Where You Live—So Does the Quality of Your Diet

DietingFeb 25 09

The availability of healthy food choices and your quality of diet is associated with where you live, according to two studies conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Researchers examined healthy food availability and diet quality among Baltimore City and Baltimore County, Md., residents and found that availability of healthy foods was associated with quality of diet and 46 percent of lower-income neighborhoods had a low availability of healthy foods. The results are published in the March 2009 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition and the December 2008 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

“Place of residence plays a larger role in dietary health than previously estimated,” said Manuel Franco, MD, PhD, lead author of the studies and an associate with the Bloomberg School’s Department of Epidemiology. “Our findings show that participants who live in neighborhoods with low healthy food availability are at an increased risk of consuming a lower quality diet. We also found that 24 percent of the black participants lived in neighborhoods with a low availability of healthy food compared with 5 percent of white participants.”

Researchers conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the association between the availability of healthy foods and diet quality among 759 participants of a population-based cardiovascular cohort study, the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

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Big-Hearted Fish Reveals Genetic Underpinnings of Enigmatic Cardiovascular Condition

HeartFeb 25 09

Big-Hearted Fish Reveals Genetic Underpinnings of Enigmatic Cardiovascular Condition, According to Penn Study

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have unlocked the mystery of a puzzling human disease and gained insight into cardiovascular development, all thanks to a big-hearted fish.

Mark Kahn, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, graduate student Benjamin Kleaveland, and colleagues report in the February issue of Nature Medicine that a human vascular condition called Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (CCM) is caused by leaky junctions between cells in the lining of blood vessels. By combining studies with zebrafish and mice, the researchers found that the aberrant junctions are the result of mutated or missing proteins in a novel biochemical process, the so-called Heart-of-glass (HEG)-CCM pathway.

The HEG-CCM pathway “is essential to regulate endothelial cell-cell interaction, both during the time that vertebrates make the cardiovascular system and later in life,” says Kahn. “Its loss later in life confers this previously unexplained disease, cerebral cavernous malformation.”

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Transcendental Meditation buffers students against college stress: Study

Neurology • • StressFeb 25 09

Transcendental Meditation may be an effective non-medicinal tool for students to buffer themselves against the intense stresses of college life, according to a new study to be published in the February 24 issue of the peer-reviewed International Journal of Psychophysiology.

“Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on brain functioning and stress reactivity in college students” is the first random assignment study of the effects of meditation practice on brain and physiological functioning in college students.

The study was a collaboration between the American University Department of Psychology in Washington, D.C., and the Center for Brain, Consciousness, and Cognition at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, Iowa.

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Obese young men likely to die prematurely: study

ObesityFeb 25 09

People who were obese at the age of 18 are twice as likely to die prematurely compared with those who were normal-weight teenagers, Swedish researchers said on Wednesday.

They also found that men who had been overweight at 18 were one third more likely to die prematurely compared to their normal-weight peers.

The study of 45,920 men over an average 38 years underlines the dangers of being overweight and the need to tackle a growing obesity epidemic.

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Americans welcome healthcare reform, but skeptical

Public HealthFeb 25 09

Americans greeted President Barack Obama’s pledge to reform healthcare with enthusiasm tinged by skepticism Wednesday, saying changes in the country’s expensive and often inaccessible health system are overdue—but hard to achieve.

“I’m sick and tired of hearing about it with what seems to be little if any reform,” said Steve Kissing, a 45-year-old advertising professional, as he read the morning newspaper at a Cincinnati coffee shop. “I just hope he can muster the support to make some progress.”

In towns and cities across the country, ordinary Americans said they were desperate for some kind of change in the U.S. healthcare system, under which 46 million people have no insurance coverage to pay for medical costs.

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China illegal additives still blight food: official

Dieting • • Food & Nutrition • • Public HealthFeb 25 09

Chinese dairy products, flour, meat and other foods remain dangerously tainted with illegal additives despite a crackdown, the country’s health ministry said Tuesday.

Vice Minister of Health, Chen Xiaohong, told a video conference for officials some food and liquor makers continued to use banned additives, and high-tech lawbreakers were “challenging the oversight and administration capacities of law enforcement agencies,” the Xinhua news agency reported.

“Some food businesses still lack a grasp of the harmfulness and severity of illegal additives,” Chen said. “Their commitment to correcting this is not high.”

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Parents of test tube babies seeking out siblings

Children's Health • • Gender: FemaleFeb 25 09

Parents who conceived with donated sperm or eggs are increasingly seeking other families who used the same genetic material, sometimes locating as many as 55 “siblings” for their offspring, a study found on Tuesday.

The findings published in the journal Human Reproduction raise the issue of reusing a single donor’s sample numerous times - something policy makers may soon need to address, the researchers said.

In some cases, parents found more than 10 donor siblings, and one parent found 55 brothers and sisters for their child, Tabitha Freeman of the Centre for Family Research at the University of Cambridge in Britain, who led the study, said.

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Growth hormone has benefits after obesity surgery

Endocrinology • • ObesityFeb 25 09

In morbidly obese patients who undergo weight loss or “bariatric” surgery, subsequent treatment with growth hormone (GH) for 6 months prevents the loss of lean body mass, researchers have found.

Dr. Silvia Savastano from University Federico II of Naples, Italy, and colleagues investigated the potential role of GH treatment in affecting body weight loss in 24 morbidly obese women who had a type of weight loss surgery called gastric banding, in which a large portion of the stomach is tied off, leaving only a small pouch.

The 12 patients treated with GH and those given placebo lost a similar amount of weight, the investigators found, but patients treated with GH had lower loss of lean body mass and higher loss of fat mass at 3 months.

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