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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Bladder Stones: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Urinary System & Kidneys

Bladder Stones

Alternate Names : Bladder Calculi

Bladder Stones | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Many bladder stones can be dissolved with chemicals that are put into the bladder. But this is such a long and difficult process that it is rarely done. Surgical therapy is generally preferred.

Most bladder stones are removed in one of these ways:

  • by breaking up the stones using a variety of energy sources and then removing the pieces through a cystoscope
  • by breaking up the stones and removing them with tools that are inserted through a cystoscope
  • using open surgery, which is often done for very large stones
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    The process of breaking up bladder stones and removing them with a cystoscope is often traumatic to the bladder. Blood in the urine can be expected for 1 to 2 weeks afterwards. Urinating may be somewhat uncomfortable during this time. Surgery carries a risk of bleeding, infection, and allergic reaction to anesthesia. Tearing of the bladder or abnormal urine leakage is also possible, though rare.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    After recovery, most people can return to normal activities.

    How is the condition monitored?

    Follow-up exams are performed, and symptoms are followed. X-ray tests and laboratory tests may also be needed to monitor this condition in some cases. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.


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    Bladder Stones: Prevention & Expectations

     

    Author: Stuart Wolf, MD
    Reviewer: Adam Brochert, MD
    Date Reviewed: 09/18/01



    Topiramate (toe-PYRE-a-mate) is used to help control some types of seizures in the treatment of epilepsy. This medicine cannot cure epilepsy and will only work to help control seizures for as long as you continue to take it.





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