Blood in the Stools
Alternate Names : Rectal Bleeding, Hematochezia
What are the treatments for the symptom?
Treatment of blood in the stools depends on the underlying cause. In an
emergency situation, intravenous fluids are given to replace fluids lost from
dehydration. Blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and breathing
rate are watched for signs of shock.
If the bleeding is caused by a condition that can be treated with antibiotics
or antifungal medications, the bleeding may stop on its own. Diet may help with
some conditions, such as diverticulitis.
Surgery is needed in some cases of blood in the stools. Surgery may be used to
repair the problem or remove a cancerous area. Radiation therapy and
chemotherapy may also be used to treat cancer.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
All medications have possible side effects. Antibiotics can cause stomach upset
allergic reactions. Surgery poses a risk of infection, bleeding, or
allergic reaction to anesthesia. Chemotherapy can have many side
effects, such as stomach upset, hair
What happens after treatment for the symptom?
In many cases, no further measures are needed following treatment. The person is
considered cured and can return to normal activities. In other cases, the cause
is not curable and needs further treatment. Some causes of bleeding, such as
cancer, may result in death.
How is the symptom monitored?
Underlying diseases, such as
ulcerative colitis, may require lifelong medical treatment and
monitoring. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare