Alternate Names : Purpura, Hematoma, Ecchymoses, Contusion, Petechiae
What are the treatments for the symptom?
Treatment of bruising will vary depending on the underlying cause of the
bruise. When an injury occurs, the application of an ice pack off and on for
the first 24 hours will reduce further bruising and swelling. After 24 hours, a
hot pack to the area will help the bruise heal more quickly.
Other treatments will vary greatly depending on the cause of the bruising. A
person who has hemophilia may be given blood transfusions. A
person who has nutritional deficiencies may be given special dietary
recommendations. A person who has leukemia or cancer may require special
medications and procedures. A person who has bacteria in the blood may need
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Side effects will depend on the treatment used. There are usually no side
effects when ice or heat are used properly. There may be stomach upset or
allergic reaction to antibiotics and other
medications. Treatments that require surgery pose a risk of bleeding,
infection, and allergic
anesthesia. Medications used for leukemia may cause more side
effects, including hair
loss or an increased risk of infection.
What happens after treatment for the symptom?
After treatment, recommendations will vary depending on the cause of the
bruising and the treatment used. In some situations, no further treatment is
necessary for minor bruising. For more serious disease or injury, treatment may
continue, and a person may have further instructions to follow.
How is the symptom monitored?
If bruising worsens, or if any other symptoms are present, monitoring by a
healthcare provider may be necessary. Any new or worsening symptoms should be
reported to the healthcare provider.