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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Cervical Dysplasia: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Cancers and Tumors

Cervical Dysplasia

Alternate Names : Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN), Precancerous Changes of the Cervix

Cervical Dysplasia | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

Many times, cervical dysplasia can be stopped in its early stage by early detection. Cervical dysplasia can be detected by a pelvic examination that includes a Pap smear. Women should start to have Pap smears and pelvic exams when they reach the age of 16 or as soon as they become sexually active.

A woman can lower her risk for developing cervical dysplasia by taking the following steps:

  • quitting smoking
  • waiting to have intercourse until age 18 to 20
  • having only a few sexual partners in a lifetime
  • using latex condoms and practicing safer sex with each sexual encounter
  • A woman should ask her sexual partners about their sexual histories, so that those who seem to be high-risk can be avoided.

    Identification of early warning signs of cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer is also important. A woman should see her healthcare provider and may need to be treated if she has any of the following signs or symptoms:

  • vaginal discharge that does not seem normal
  • vaginal bleeding between periods
  • bleeding with intercourse
  • painful intercourse, known as dyspareunia
  • What are the long-term effects of the condition?

    With early detection, treatment, and close follow-up care, nearly all cervical dysplasia can be cured. If untreated, the mild to moderate stages of dysplasia often grow more severe. Up to 30% to 50% of carcinoma in situ, or CIS, cases progress to invasive cancer of the cervix.

    What are the risks to others?

    Cervical dysplasia is not contagious and does not pose a risk to others. Sexually transmitted diseases associated with cervical dysplasia, such as chlamydia and human papilloma virus, are contagious.

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    Cervical Dysplasia: Diagnosis & Tests


    Cervical Dysplasia: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01

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