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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Compartment Syndrome: Prevention & Expectations

Compartment Syndrome

Alternate Names : Volkmann's Ischemic Contracture

Compartment Syndrome | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

Acute compartment syndrome can sometimes be avoided by early stabilization of a fracture. This may involve splinting, elevating the injured limb on a pillow, and applying ice to reduce swelling. If a person has a cast, circulation to the area below the cast will be checked frequently. If circulation is impaired or the person has severe pain, the healthcare provider may choose to cut the cast to relieve pressure.

What are the long-term effects of the condition?

If compartment syndrome is untreated, death of the muscles can occur. Muscles can become inactive and excessively tight. Toes or fingers may become fixed in a curled position with permanent numbness. Severe tissue death may lead to the need for amputation of the affected limb.

What are the risks to others?

Compartment syndrome is not contagious and poses no risk to others.

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Compartment Syndrome: Diagnosis & Tests


Compartment Syndrome: Treatment & Monitoring

Author: John A.K. Davies, MD
Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
Date Reviewed: 07/03/01

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