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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Diabetes

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Alternate Names : DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Treatment is directed at the DKA and any underlying conditions. For example, antibiotics or surgery may be needed for an infection. Fluids and insulin are generally given through an intravenous line, or IV. An IV is a thin tube that is placed into a person's vein, usually in the arm. Salt replacement is also commonly needed and is supplied through the IV. People often need care in an intensive care unit with frequent monitoring. Treatment may last several hours or several days.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

Getting too much fluid or the wrong kind of fluid can cause swelling of the brain, known as cerebral edema. A low blood glucose level is rarely a problem, but may occur if too much insulin is given. Antibiotics may cause allergic reactions, stomach upset, and other side effects.

What happens after treatment for the condition?

People who have diabetes need lifelong treatment. After an episode of DKA, the individual may need further instruction about diabetes. Education includes information on diet, exercise, insulin dosage, and blood glucose monitoring. A person's insulin dose may need to be changed in some cases.

How is the condition monitored?

The individual may have frequent visits with the healthcare provider until the diabetes is well controlled. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the provider.


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Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Prevention & Expectations

 

Author: Thomas Fisher, MD
Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
Date Reviewed: 09/11/01



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