Pyridoxine (Vitamin B 6) (Systemic)
Brand Names : Rodex, Vitabee 6, Beesix, Doxine, Nestrex, Pyri
- Antidote, to cycloserine poisoning
- Antidote, to isoniazid poisoning
- Nutritional supplement, vitamin
are compounds that you must
for growth and health. They are needed in small amounts only and are usually
available in the foods that you eat. Pyridoxine (peer-i-DOX-een) (vitamin B 6) is necessary for normal breakdown
of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
Some conditions may increase your need for pyridoxine. These include:
Stress, long-term illness, or serious injury
Surgical removal of stomach
In addition, infants receiving unfortified formulas such as evaporated
milk may need additional pyridoxine.
Increased need for pyridoxine should be determined by your health care
Lack of pyridoxine may lead to anemia (weak blood), nerve damage, seizures,
skin problems, and sores in the mouth. Your doctor may treat these problems
by prescribing pyridoxine for you.
Claims that pyridoxine is effective for treatment of acne and other skin
problems, alcohol intoxication, asthma, hemorrhoids, kidney stones, mental
problems, migraine headaches, morning sickness, and menstrual problems, or
to stimulate appetite or milk production have not been proven.
Injectable pyridoxine is given by or under the supervision of a health
care professional. Other forms of pyridoxine are available without a prescription.
Pyridoxine is available in the following dosage forms:
Extended-release capsules (U.S.)
Tablets (U.S. and Canada)
Extended-release tablets (U.S.)
Injection (U.S. and Canada)
Importance of Diet
Pyridoxine is found in various foods, including meats, bananas, lima beans,
egg yolks, peanuts, and whole-grain cereals. Pyridoxine is not lost from food
during ordinary cooking, although some other forms of vitamin B 6
Vitamins alone will not take the place of a good diet and will not provide
energy. Your body also needs other substances found in food such as protein,
minerals, carbohydrates, and fat. Vitamins themselves often cannot work without
the presence of other foods.
The daily amount of pyridoxine needed is defined in several different ways.
For U.S. -
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are the amount of vitamins
and minerals needed to provide for adequate nutrition in most healthy persons.
RDAs for a given nutrient may vary depending on a person's age, sex, and physical
condition (e.g., pregnancy).
Daily Values (DVs) are used on food and dietary supplement labels
to indicate the percent of the recommended daily amount of each nutrient that
a serving provides. DV replaces the previous designation of United States
Recommended Daily Allowances (USRDAs).
For Canada -
Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNIs) are used to determine the amounts
of vitamins, minerals, and protein needed to provide adequate nutrition and
lessen the risk of chronic disease.
Normal daily recommended intakes for pyridoxine are generally defined as
Infants and children -
Birth to 3 years of age: 0.3 to 1 milligram (mg).
4 to 6 years of age: 1.1 mg.
7 to 10 years of age: 1.4 mg.
Adolescent and adult males - 1.7 to 2 mg.
Adolescent and adult females - 1.4 to 1.6 mg.
Pregnant females - 2.2 mg.
Breast-feeding females - 2.1 mg.
Some commonly used brand names are:
In the U.S. -
- Vitabee 6
Generic name product may be available in the U.S. and Canada.