Brand Names : Fertinex, Metrodin, Fertinorm HP, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH, urofollitrophin
Urofollitropin (yoor-oh-fol-li-TROE-pin) is a fertility drug that is identical to the hormone called
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) that is produced naturally by the pituitary
FSH is primarily responsible for stimulating growth of the ovarian follicle,
which includes the developing egg, the cells surrounding the egg that produce
the hormones needed to support a pregnancy, and the fluid around the egg.
As the ovarian follicle grows, an increasing amount of the hormone estrogen
is produced by the cells in the follicle and released into the bloodstream.
Estrogen causes the endometrium (lining of the uterus) to thicken before ovulation
occurs. The higher blood levels of estrogen will also provide a cue to the
hypothalamus and pituitary gland to slow the production and release of FSH.
Another pituitary hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH), also helps to increase
the amount of estrogen produced by the follicle cells. However, the main function
of LH is to cause ovulation. The sharp rise in the blood level of LH that
triggers ovulation is sometimes called the LH surge. After ovulation, the
group of hormone-producing follicle cells become what is called the corpus
luteum and will produce estrogen and large amounts of another hormone, progesterone
Progesterone causes the endometrium to mature so that it can support the egg
after it is fertilized. If implantation of a fertilized egg does not occur,
the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease, the endometrium sloughs
off, and menstruation occurs.
Urofollitropin is usually given in combination with human chorionic gonadotropin
(hCG). The actions of hCG are almost identical to those of LH. It is given
to simulate the natural LH surge. This results in predictable ovulation.
Urofollitropin is often used in women who have low levels of FSH and too-high
levels of LH. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome usually have hormone levels
such as this and are treated with urofollitropin to make up for the low amounts
of FSH. Many women being treated with urofollitropin have already tried clomiphene
(e.g., Serophene) and have not been able to conceive yet. Urofollitropin may
also be used to cause the ovary to produce several follicles, which can then
be harvested for use in gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or
Urofollitropin is to be given only by or under the supervision of your
doctor. It is available in the following dosage form:
Injection (U.S. and Canada)
Some commonly used brand names are:
In the U.S. -
In Canada -
Other commonly used names are follicle-stimulating
, and urofollitrophin