Alternate Names : Painful Sexual Intercourse, Pain with Intercourse
What are the treatments for the condition?
Sensitivity, foreplay and patience from the sexual partner will allow for more lubrication of the vagina. If estrogen deficiency is the cause vaginal estrogen creams, such as estropiate or estradiol creams, may prevent small cuts. Psychological evaluation for sexual inhibitions/sexual trauma should be checked and treated. Antibiotics, such as sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim, are used for infections.
Endometriosis is treated with birth control pills, progestins, which are female hormones, gonadotropin agonists, which counter the effect of certain hormones, and laser surgery. If an ectopic pregnancy or severe endometriosis is found, immediate surgery is needed. For the woman with severe vaginismus, or involuntary contraction of the vaginal muscles when touched, a program of gradual vaginal expansion is needed. Dilators, the woman's fingers or the partner's fingers along with psychotherapy may be helpful.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Side effects depend upon the treatment used. Oral contraceptives and progestins may cause nausea, abdominal bloating, weight gain and swelling. Antibiotics have individual side effects. Gonadotropin agonists may cause hot flashes, headaches, lack of menstrual periods and mood swings.
How is the condition monitored?
The healthcare provider must be patient and explain the many causes of dyspareunia. The treatment options must be made clear. If there are no physical causes, a psychological reason should be explored. Reasons may include previous sexual abuse, confusion over sexual preference and desire, dissatisfaction with the relationship and depression.