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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Surgeries and Procedures > Endometrial Biopsy

Endometrial Biopsy

Alternate Names : Endometrial Curettage, Endometrial Sampling

Overview & Description | Preparation & Expectations | Home Care and Complications

An endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which the healthcare provider removes a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus.

Who is a candidate for the procedure?

An endometrial biopsy may be done for the following reasons:

  • to check on the effectiveness of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)
  • to collect cells to culture for signs of infection
  • to identify the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • to look for causes of infertility
  • to rule out the possibility of cancer of the uterus
  • How is the procedure performed?

    The woman lies on her back, with her knees up and her feet in stirrups. The healthcare provider places a speculum within the vagina. This device helps enlarge the opening of the vagina. Then, the provider uses a metal grasper, called a tenaculum. This device straightens the angle of the uterus. Next, the healthcare provider passes a small, plastic or metal tube into the uterus. The provider uses a mild vacuum to remove endometrial cells. The cell sample is sent to the lab for study.


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    Endometrial Biopsy: Preparation & Expectations

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: William M. Boggs, MD
    Date Reviewed: 06/01/01

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