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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Tests and Exams > Eye Exam: Results and Values
      Category : Health Centers > Eyes and Vision

Eye Exam

Alternate Names : Routine Eye Examination, Standard Ophthalmic Exam

Eye Exam | Preparation & Expectations | Results and Values

What do the test results mean?

Normal results include the following:

  • 20/20 vision
  • the ability to see colors
  • normal optic nerve, retina, blood vessels, and fundus
  • no evidence of glaucoma
  • a transparent cornea free of scratches
  • Abnormal results may include the following:

  • myopia, or nearsightedness, which is the ability to see near objects better than far objects
  • astigmatism, or blurred vision
  • hyperopia, or farsightedness, which is the ability to see far objects better than near objects
  • presbyopia, or an inability to focus on near objects that often occurs in middle-aged persons
  • color blindness, which is an inability to see certain colors
  • blocked tear duct, or a blockage in the tube that carries tears away from the eye
  • cataracts, or a clouding of the lens in the eye that can cause vision problems
  • eye trauma or injury
  • lazy eye, an eye movement disorder also called strabismus
  • eye diseases
  • glaucoma
  • damage to the optic nerve, blood vessels, or fundus
  • scratches or defects on the cornea

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    Eye Exam: Preparation & Expectations


    Author: David T. Moran, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 08/09/01

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