Fungal Nail Infection
Alternate Names : Onychomycosis, Mycotic Nails
What can be done to prevent the infection?
It is hard to prevent a fungal nail infection, but here are a few tips:
Wear a shower shoe or sandal in public places instead of going barefoot.
Use an antifungal powder, such as miconazle, in socks and shoes.
Keep socks clean.
Wash socks each time with an antifungal solution, such as clotrimazole, if you are susceptible to the fungus.
Keep feet clean and dry.
Go barefoot at home, whenever possible.
Avoid use of nail polish and polish remover.
Cut toenails straight but not too short.
What are the long-term effects of the infection?
Fungus can cause the nail plate to come loose from the skin. This enables water or sweat to get under the nail. Bacteria can build up and cause skin breakdown. This can lead to a secondary bacterial infection. The infection can result in cellulitis, which is an infection of the connective tissue under the skin. Rarely, sepsis, or blood poisoning, can occur.
What are the risks to others?
Fungus may be transmitted to others who share bathing facilities or footwear.