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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Genital Injuries in Females
      Category : Health Centers > Reproductive System

Genital Injuries in Females

Alternate Names : Vulvar Injuries, Vaginal Injuries, Injury to the Genitals, Straddle Injury

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

A genital injury to a female is an injury to the reproductive organs of a girl or a woman.

What is going on in the body?

The external genitalia has a rich blood supply. As a result, relatively minor injuries to the area may bleed excessively. This is particularly true when injuries involve the hymen, vagina, or labia. The injury may be the result of childbirth, rough intercourse, sexual assault, or an accident or other trauma.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

Childbirth is the most likely cause of genital injury. A tear in the vulva or vagina during pregnancy and delivery may occur as a result of:

  • an episiotomy, which is a cut made in the opening of the vagina during childbirth
  • tears in the vaginal opening from delivering a large infant
  • the use of forceps or vacuum suction during childbirth
  • Accidental injuries can be caused by:

  • falls
  • straddle injuries, for example falling on monkey bars, a bicycle bar, or a fence
  • chemical burns or burns from hot objects
  • pelvic fractures
  • high-pressure liquid injection, such as from water-skiing or jet-skiing
  • Injuries related to sex or assault are due to:

  • rough sex
  • unusual positions during sex
  • having sex for the first time
  • sexual abuse
  • rape
  • physical abuse or assault, such as a foreign object forcibly placed into the vagina or anus
  • child abuse


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    Genital Injuries in Females: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 07/02/01

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