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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Hepatitis: Prevention & Expectations


Alternate Names : Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the disease?

Preventing types A, B, and C hepatitis is possible by receiving the hepatitis A, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C vaccine. Other ways to decrease the risk of hepatitis include:

  • practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands well after using the restroom or changing diapers
  • avoiding drinking or using tap water when traveling internationally
  • avoiding behaviors like sharing drug needles, or having unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person
  • avoiding the sharing of personal hygiene items, such as razors or nail clippers
  • avoiding toxic substances and decreased alcohol consumption
  • an injection of immune globulin after exposure to hepatitis A or B, which may prevent the infection from developing
  • the use of safety precautions by healthcare and day care workers
  • What are the long-term effects of the disease?

    Chronic hepatitis can lead to:

  • cirrhosis and liver failure in adults, which does not generally occur in children. Cirrhosis causes multiple problems, including the possibility of liver cancer.
  • illnesses in other parts of the body, such as kidney damage or low blood counts
  • cancer of the liver
  • increased risk of death in people with HIV
  • What are the risks to others?

    Hepatitis is highly contagious and can be spread to others. The risk of exposure to others will depend on the type of hepatitis.

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    Hepatitis: Diagnosis & Tests


    Hepatitis: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01

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