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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > HIV: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > AIDS/HIV


Alternate Names : Human Immunodeficiency Virus, AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

HIV | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the disease?

There are a number of medicines that effectively treat HIV. Over the past few years, combinations of certain drugs have been very promising in controlling HIV. Some of them are as follows:

  • antibiotics, such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or pentamidine
  • antifungal medicines, such as amphotericin B and flucytosine
  • antiparastic medicines, such as pyrimethamine
  • antiviral medicines, such as zidovudine, lamivudine, nevirapine, and ganciclovir
  • glucocorticoids, such as prednisone
  • protease inhibitors, such as indinavir
  • People who have HIV infection face significant health problems and stress. Following are some helpful interventions:

  • Eat a healthy diet, following the food guide pyramid.
  • Get plenty of rest and sleep.
  • Join support groups.
  • Take medicines to deal with emotional symptoms.
  • Use psychotherapy.
  • Use relaxation therapy and other stress management techniques.
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Unfortunately, most HIV medicines have many side effects, depending on the drug being taken. Some more common side effects include:

  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • rashes
  • vomiting
  • Some less common side effects are as follows:

  • changes in the brain and behavior
  • inflammation of the pancreas
  • kidney stones
  • What happens after treatment for the disease?

    There is no cure for HIV infection at this time. The goal of treatment is to keep the virus under control with the hope of preventing further immune damage. Currently, a person must be treated for life.

    How is the disease monitored?

    Someone with HIV infection will have regular visits with the healthcare provider, along with periodic blood tests. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the provider.

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    HIV: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Danielle Zerr, MD
    Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Date Reviewed: 07/02/01

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