What are the treatments for the condition?
Treatment for hoarseness will depend on the cause. Upper respiratory infections may be treated with humidifiers, drinking warm fluids, bed rest, and medications. A person may be given antibiotics or anti-inflammatory medications. Medications to treat the underlying cause of the hoarseness may also be recommended. Resting the voice box by avoiding talking may also help the hoarseness. Avoiding smoking and alcohol may decrease hoarseness. In certain situations, surgery may be necessary to remove tumors or to take a sample of a tumor on or near the vocal cords to evaluate it.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Home care, bed rest, warm fluids, and humidifiers do not necessarily cause side effects. Antibiotics may cause stomach upset, allergic reaction, or other side effects. Surgery poses a risk of bleeding, infection, and reaction to the anesthesia.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
After treatment, conditions will depend on the cause of the hoarseness. If an upper respiratory infection was the cause of the hoarseness, there may be no need for further treatment. If a chronic disease or cancer is the cause of the hoarseness, treatment could last a lifetime, or the course of treatment may change over time.
How is the condition monitored?
Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.