Mad Cow Disease
Alternate Names : Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, New Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, New Variant CJD
What can be done to prevent the disease?
Travelers to areas with a high risk for mad cow disease can limit
their risk for nvCJD by avoiding beef and beef products. If the person chooses
to eat meat, he or she should select solid pieces of muscle meat, such
as a steak or roast. Sausage and hamburger should be avoided. Public
health measures to test for mad cow disease and eliminate cattle with evidence
of BSE are ongoing.
What are the long-term effects of the disease?
Mad cow disease causes brain degeneration and death
in cattle. NvCJD causes brain degeneration and death
What are the risks to others?
Mad cow disease is highly contagious among cattle. NvCJD
does not appear to spread from person to person. However, it may
be spread if someone handles brain tissue or other body parts from
an infected person.