Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea
How is the condition diagnosed?
Diagnosis of menstrual cramps begins with a medical history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam. Tests to rule out physical causes can include:
abdominal exploration surgery
cultures to check for sexually transmitted disease
a dilatation and curettage (D&C)
laparoscopy, a procedure in which a small lighted tube is inserted into the abdomen
an ultrasound of the vagina
If physical causes are found, secondary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed. Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed by ruling out possible physical causes.