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An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. The most common site is within a fallopian tube. More rarely an embryo may implant within an ovary, in the cervix, or on the abdominal wall






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Medical Symptoms > Menstrual Cramps: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Reproductive System

Menstrual Cramps

Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea

Menstrual Cramps | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the condition?

Menstrual cramping is not always preventable. Here are some helpful measures to reduce symptoms:

  • a balanced diet, following the food guide pyramid
  • moderate exercise
  • oral contraceptives
  • safer sex practices
  • stress management techniques
  • What are the long-term effects of the condition?

    Mild menstrual cramps and primary dysmenorrhea have no known long-term effects. The cause of secondary dysmenorrhea determines its long-term effects. These may include:

  • chronic pelvic pain
  • dyspareunia, or painful sexual intercourse
  • infertility
  • What are the risks to others?

    Menstrual cramps are not contagious and pose no risk to others. However, if the problem is due to an undiagnosed STD, the woman may spread this to her partner.


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    Menstrual Cramps: Diagnosis & Tests

     

    Menstrual Cramps: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Date Reviewed: 06/07/01



    Depression is a medical condition that leads to intense feelings of sadness or despair. These feelings don't go away on their own. They are not necessarily related to a particular life event





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