Mitral Regurgitation, Chronic
Alternate Names : MR
What are the treatments for the condition?
If the problem is mild, nothing need be done. Otherwise, the following treatments may be used as needed:
Blood thinning drugs reduce the risk of blood clots in people with atrial fibrillation.
Heart medications can help relieve pressure throughout the system and control abnormal heart rhythms.
Heart valve surgery to repair the mitral valve helps relieve symptoms.
Surgical replacement of the valve is needed when severe mitral regurgitation has caused heart failure. This prevents further damage to the left ventricle.
Some people are poor candidates for surgery because of permanent changes to the blood vessels in the lungs. Heart medications to improve the hearts function is needed to prepare these people for surgery.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Some artificial valves raise the risk for blood clots. As with any surgery, the risks include:
What happens after treatment for the condition?
After surgery, the surgical site is monitored for bleeding. A person can gradually return to normal daily activities. A healthy diet which includes sodium restriction, and a slow return to exercise programs are advised.
How is the condition monitored?
Artificial valves wear out over a period of years and may need to be replaced. Echocardiography tests may be done to assess the condition of the valve.