Alternate Names : Muscle Spasm, Charley Horse
What can be done to prevent the condition?
Stretching the calf and other leg muscles improves flexibility. This reduces the risk of cramps. Individuals who get nighttime calf cramps should:
sleep on their sides
sleep with their toes pointed
not tuck in their blankets and sheets too tightly. This can bend the toes down and cause a cramp.
eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables to reduce the risk of mineral deficiencies.
drink plenty of water before, during and after exercise to prevent dehydration, especially during hot weather
wear comfortable shoes with good arch support to helps prevent cramps
In the past, salt tablets were recommended to prevent muscle cramps. However, salt tablets are not useful and should be avoided.