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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Osteoporosis: Diagnosis & Tests
      Category : Health Centers > Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

How is the condition diagnosed?

Osteoporosis may be discovered in an X-ray taken for some other problem. X-rays should not be used as the only test. Other tests are more sensitive and reliable, such as the following:

  • blood bone markers, which measure collagen protein in the bone
  • bone mineral density scans, such as DEXA scans and spinal CT scans
  • spinal X-rays, which may show vertebral compression fractures of the spine
  • tests for serum osteocalcin, which is a marker of bone formation
  • tests that measure calcium in the urine, which increases in a person who has osteoporosis
  • At this time, the most commonly used and reliable test is the DEXA scan.

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    Osteoporosis: Symptoms & Signs


    Osteoporosis: Prevention & Expectations

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Melissa Sanders, PharmD
    Date Reviewed: 09/13/01

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