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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity

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Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

Treatment options vary, depending on the woman's age and desire for children. The type, size, and age of the cyst are considered. Treatments include the following:

  • oral contraceptives
  • laparoscopy to drain fluid or remove the cyst
  • laparotomy, a procedure in which an incision is made in the abdomen to remove the cyst
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Oral contraceptives may cause nausea, bloating, and headaches. Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, or allergic reaction to anesthesia.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    More frequent pelvic exams may be suggested by a healthcare provider for the first year after surgery. Certain cysts have a chance of returning.

    How is the condition monitored?

    Certain cysts may recur, so the healthcare provider may recommend regular ultrasounds. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.

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    Ovarian Cysts: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: William M. Boggs, MD
    Date Reviewed: 06/01/01

    Pregnancy is the period from conception to birth. A pregnancy may be complicated by health problems or lifestyle issues known as risk factors. These risk factors can affect the mother or fetus, or both

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