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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Pleural Effusion
      Category : Health Centers > Respiratory System (Lungs and Breathing)

Pleural Effusion

Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

A pleural effusion is an abnormal collection of fluid around the lungs.

What is going on in the body?

Normally, a very small amount of fluid surrounds the lungs, keeping them lubricated. This fluid allows the lungs to collapse and expand easily when a person breathes. Sometimes, the amount of fluid increases to an abnormal level. This can happen for various reasons.

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

There are a number of causes for pleural effusion. These can include:

  • congestive heart failure. In this condition, the heart that does not pump strongly enough, causing fluid to collect in the lungs.
  • infection, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • low protein levels in the body
  • cancer inside or next to the lungs
  • inflammation in or near the lung, including an inflammation of the lung lining called pleurisy. This is most commonly due to pneumonia, but can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, as well as other diseases.
  • trauma or injury to the chest, such as a crush injury
  • kidney failure, or chronic renal failure

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    Pleural Effusion: Symptoms & Signs

    Author: Adam Brochert, MD
    Reviewer: Carlos Herrera, MD
    Date Reviewed: 09/04/01



    Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH for short, is the enlargement of the prostate gland. It is caused by excess growth of cells in the prostate. This condition is not the same as prostate cancer





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