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Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea. Menstrual cramps are the pain and cramping some women experience during their monthly periods. The term dysmenorrhea usually refers to pain and cramps severe enough to prevent normal activity






You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Pneumonia: Diagnosis & Tests
      Category : Health Centers > Respiratory System (Lungs and Breathing)

Pneumonia

Pneumonia | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

How is the infection diagnosed?

Diagnosis of pneumonia begins with a medical history and physical exam. A chest X-ray can confirm the diagnosis. Sometimes the germ causing the pneumonia can be found in the person's sputum or blood, but often no specific organism can be identified.


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Pneumonia: Symptoms & Signs

 

Pneumonia: Prevention & Expectations

Author: Danielle Zerr, MD
Reviewer: Kathleen A. MacNaughton, RN, BSN
Date Reviewed: 10/21/02



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Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, is a condition characterized by abdominal cramping, bloating, gas, and other changes in the bowels





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