What can be done to prevent the infection?
The pneumonia vaccine
can prevent pneumonia that is caused by bacteria. Because pneumonia is a common
complication of the flu, an annual flu shot
can also help to prevent pneumonia.
Pneumonia often follows common respiratory infections. So one
of the best ways to prevent it is to be on the lookout for any symptoms of
respiratory illness that hang on more than a few days. Healthy living habits
can also help. For example, the following healthy habits can all help
increase resistance to respiratory illness:
eating a healthy diet
practicing personal hygiene
getting a good night's sleep each night
doing moderate exercise 30 minutes a day almost every day
These habits can also spur a faster recovery times from
What are the long-term effects of the infection?
Usually, there are no long-term effects from pneumonia.
Sometimes, lung damage can cause a lasting decrease in lung function.
What are the risks to others?
Most of the organisms that cause pneumonia can be
spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing.