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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Renal Failure: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Urinary System & Kidneys

Renal Failure

Alternate Names : Acute Renal Insufficiency

Renal Failure | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the disease?

Diuretic medicines, known as water pills, are sometimes used to help the kidneys get rid of fluid in the body. In other situations, fluids are given to promote increased blood flow to the kidneys.

If blood loss or shock has occurred, blood transfusions ay be given. Salt imbalances are monitored closely. Medicines can be given to lower elevated electrolytes levels. Dialysis may be used to replace kidney function until the acute renal failure resolves. Dialysis is a procedure where the blood flow from a person is redirected through a special machine. The machine filters the blood and then returns it to the person.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

In most cases, there are few side effects to treatment of acute renal failure. The complexity of the disease itself can lead to further difficulties though. When dialysis is needed, a large intravenous tube, called a catheter, is placed into a vein in the upper arm or chest. The catheter is used for withdrawing fluids from the body or adding fluids. This can pose the risk of bleeding or infection.

What happens after treatment for the disease?

After normal kidney function has returned, the person will be monitored for overall kidney and electrolyte function.

How is the disease monitored?

Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the doctor.

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Renal Failure: Prevention & Expectations


Author: Bill Harrison, MD
Reviewer: Sandy Keefe, RN, MSN
Date Reviewed: 08/22/01

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