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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Sickle Cell Anemia: Symptoms & Signs
      Category : Health Centers > Blood Disorders and Lymphatic System

Sickle Cell Anemia

Alternate Names : Sickle Cell Trait

Sickle Cell Anemia | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the signs and symptoms of the disease?

Persons with sickle cell anemia have many symptoms. They often have problems in growth and development. Individuals may have pain in the joints and chest pain that is worse when they take a deep breath. Sickle cell anemia causes repeated bouts of severe pain. These are called "painful crises" or "thrombotic crises." These attacks of pain are sudden, severe, and affect many areas of the body. The most common areas are the arms, legs, abdomen, chest, and back. The pain can last hours to several days or even weeks. During these painful crises there may be a high fever. The person may require hospitalization. There is no specific cure for the episodes.

The signs of sickle cell anemia can include:

  • joint swelling
  • enlargement of the spleen (early in the disease)
  • a heart murmur, enlargement of the heart
  • a decrease in vision
  • leg ulcers

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    Sickle Cell Anemia: Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors


    Sickle Cell Anemia: Diagnosis & Tests

    Author: Minot Cleveland, MD
    Reviewer: Sandy Keefe, RN, MSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/20/01

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