Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Alternate Names : Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome, TMJ, Costen's Syndrome
What are the treatments for the condition?
Initial treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders involves identifying
actions that cause symptoms to get worse, such as clenching or grinding the
teeth. Many people may not realize they are doing these things.
Some other measures used to treat TMJ are as follows:
application of heat or cold
medicines to relax the muscles
which may involve mild jaw exercises
a soft diet that avoids chewy foods
If these treatments fail, referral to a dentist who treats TMJ may be needed.
Special bite appliances may be used. In severe cases of TMJ that do not respond
to other treatments, surgery to realign the jaw is sometimes helpful. Joint
replacement or a joint implant may be considered.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Pain medicines may cause stomach upset and allergic reactions. Medicines to relax the muscles may
drowsiness or allergic reactions. Other side
depend on the drug used. Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, or allergic reaction to anesthesia. Surgery does not always
What happens after treatment for the condition?
If symptoms go away, no further treatment is generally needed for the
temporomandibular joint disorders. The person should take care to avoid factors
that may cause another episode of TMJ, such as teeth grinding.
How is the condition monitored?
Symptoms and a physical exam are used to monitor temporomandibular joint
disorders. Sometimes, X-rays may be used to monitor the condition. Any new or
worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.