Alternate Names : Impaired Vision
How is the condition diagnosed?
The role of the healthcare
provider and eye specialist is to help determine the cause of visual
impairment. This may be possible after a complete history and physical exam.
First, the healthcare provider will ask about the eyes, any vision problems,
general health. Next, he or she will test the eye muscles to see if eye
movements are normal. Peripheral vision, or the ability to see out of the side
of the eyes, can be tested as well.
Often, the healthcare provider will put special eye drops into the eyes that
cause the pupils to open wider, or dilate. When the pupils are wide open, the
provider can get a better view of the inside of the eyes with a special
instrument called an ophthalmoscope. The pressure inside the eyeball can be
measured to test for glaucoma.
After the eyeballs have been examined, the person is then asked to read a
standard eye chart to determine how well the person can see or to check the
Other tests may also be needed in some cases.