Alternate Names : Very-Low-Density Lipoprotein
What do the test results mean?
Normal VLDL levels are 25% to 50% of total cholesterol. Higher amounts are linked to a higher risk of heart disease.
Reasons for high VLDL levels can include:
hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland
high alcohol intake
chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis
multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer
Cushing's syndrome, a condition caused by too much of a hormone called cortisol in the body
deficiency of an enzyme that breaks down lipids
Low levels of VLDL can result from:
an inherited tendency toward low LDL and VLDL levels
abnormally low levels of protein in the blood, called hypoproteinemia. This may be the result of malnutrition, bowel problems, or severe burns.
an hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid gland