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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Injuries and Wounds > Bone Fracture: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Bones, Joints, and Muscles

Bone Fracture

Alternate Names : Broken Bone

Bone Fracture | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the injury?

Some fractures can be avoided by following sports safety guidelines for children, adolescents, and adults.

Bone loss, which increases a person's risk of fractures, can be slowed by doing 30 minutes of moderate weight-bearing exercise a day. Weight-bearing exercise includes low-impact aerobics, walking, running, lifting weights, tennis, and step aerobics. A person doing moderate exercise can talk normally without shortness of breath and is comfortable with the pace of the activity. The 30 minutes a day can be done all in 1 session, or it can be broken up into smaller segments of time.

Low-impact aerobics and water aerobics are examples of exercises that minimize joint stress in elderly individuals or people with arthritis. Recent research has shown that people who do high-impact activities such as jogging have less bone loss as they age.

Individuals can lower their risk of bone fractures following osteoporosis by:

  • eating a well-balanced diet, following the food guide pyramid. A diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D can help slow bone loss. There is some evidence that too much bone thinning is hastened by a diet high in fat.
  • eating 25 grams of soy protein daily
  • avoiding smoking
  • limiting alcohol intake
  • for women who have reached menopause, using hormone replacement therapy
  • getting effective treatment for conditions such as hypogonadism, rheumatoid arthritis, and hyperthyroidism

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    Bone Fracture: Diagnosis & Tests


    Bone Fracture: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Gail Hendrickson, RN, BS
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 07/13/01

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