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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Surgeries and Procedures > Bone Marrow Transplant: Home Care and Complications
      Category : Health Centers > Bones, Joints, and Muscles

Bone Marrow Transplant

Alternate Names : BMT

Bone Marrow Transplant | Preparation & Expectations | Home Care and Complications

What happens later at home?

Recovery from a bone marrow transplant depends on many factors. These include the underlying disease and the body's reaction to the procedure. Healthcare professionals will need to monitor the person closely for a few months after the procedure. The doctor will decide when the person is ready to safely return to regular activities.

What are the potential complications after the procedure?

The bone marrow donor has a very low risk of complications during and after the procedure. But the things that might occur include:

  • severe bleeding
  • infection
  • allergic reactions to anesthesia
  • The person getting the bone marrow transplant faces risks that are more serious:

  • Side effects such as sterility and kidney or liver damage from the chemotherapy and the medicines used to prevent rejection
  • Life-threatening infections
  • Graft versus host disease, also called GVHD. In GVHD, the donated cells attack the recipient's body. This happens because the donated cells "see" the person's body as foreign.
  • Bone marrow rejection
  • In addition, the underlying disease may return, or long-term malfunction of the immune system may occur.

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    Bone Marrow Transplant: Preparation & Expectations


    Author: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Reviewer: Adam Brochert, MD
    Date Reviewed: 02/08/02

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