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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Brain Herniation: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Brain and Nervous System

Brain Herniation

Alternate Names : Tentorial Herniation

Brain Herniation | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

This is a medical emergency, so treatment must be started right away. Treatment is aimed at reducing the brain's swelling. The person will be given different kinds of medicine through an intravenous line, called an IV. This treatment helps to get rid of excess water in the brain and reduce swelling. Treatment of the cause of the herniation is started next. The person will be kept in the hospital until the problem is solved.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

Even with successful relief of symptoms, the herniation may return if the cause is not also fixed. For instance, sometimes brain tumors return. In some cases, surgery is needed to relieve the pressure. Medicines may cause side effects, such as allergic reactions and chemical imbalances, that need to be treated right away. Close monitoring is critical during treatment.

What happens after treatment for the condition?

A person is often left with severe impairments, including:

  • cognitive impairments, which are problems with thinking
  • mobility impairments, which are problems with movement
  • speech impairments, which are problems with talking
  • If the person has significant impairments, it is important to begin rehabilitation with specialized therapists, nurses, and doctors who treat brain injuries.

    How is the condition monitored?

    All vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, body temperature, and pressure inside the skull, should be monitored during treatment. After the crisis is over, ongoing monitoring of the problem that caused the herniation may be needed. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the doctor.

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    Brain Herniation: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: James Warson, MD
    Reviewer: Karen Preston, PHN, MS, CRRN
    Date Reviewed: 10/03/01

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