3-rx.comCustomer Support
HomeAbout UsFAQContactHelp
News Center
Health Centers
Medical Encyclopedia
Drugs & Medications
Diseases & Conditions
Medical Symptoms
Med. Tests & Exams
Surgery & Procedures
Injuries & Wounds
Diet & Nutrition
Special Topics

\"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Childbirth, Emergency Delivery: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Pregnancy and Childbirth

Childbirth, Emergency Delivery

Alternate Names : Delivery, Emergency, Emergency Delivery, Birth, Emergency, Home Delivery

Childbirth, Emergency Delivery | Symptoms & Signs | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

First aid can be helpful in an emergency birth.

  • Emergency childbirth supplies should be handy at all times in the car, home, and office of a pregnant woman. This is important if she has a history of speedy deliveries.
  • Emergency supplies should include a flashlight, pillow, clean sheets and towels, suction bulb, sterile rubber gloves, clean scissors, and two clean cord ties.
  • Hands should be washed with clean soap and water. Rubber gloves should be worn if possible.
  • The mother should be placed in a comfortable, flat position. The water breaking usually means that the baby will be coming soon. Clean sheets or towels should be placed under the mother's buttocks.
  • The mother's back and head should be supported with pillows or by another person.
  • The mother should bend her knees to her chest and spread them apart when she feels like pushing.
  • Gentle pressure should be applied at the lower edge of the vagina as the baby's head starts to show. This prevents the baby from coming too fast and ripping the vaginal tissues.
  • Once the baby's head is delivered, it is likely that the head will turn to one side. The baby's head should be supported and any amniotic fluid should be wiped away. Fluid should be very gently suctioned out of the nose and mouth.
  • If the umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby's neck, a finger should be hooked under the loop to gently and quickly slip it over the baby's head.
  • If the baby's shoulders are not too large, the rest of the baby's body usually delivers quickly after the head. A towel should be used to support the baby because newborns are very slippery. The baby can also be delivered directly onto a flat surface between the mother's legs.
  • If the baby seems stuck after the head is delivered, pressure should be put above the mother's pubic bone. She should push hard. This usually releases the shoulders to allow for delivery.
  • The baby may look blue and floppy at first. The baby's back or the bottom of the feet should be rubbed with the towel. This starts breathing. The baby should be held face down to allow fluids to drain out of the lungs. Fluids should be suctioned out of the nose and mouth.
  • Once the baby cries and is breathing well, the baby should be dried off, wrapped in a towel that does not block breathing, and placed on the mother's stomach or chest. Breastfeeding should be encouraged.
  • The umbilical cord must be tied off. A clean shoelace, or an umbilical clamp, if there is one in the emergency kit, should be tied no closer than four inches from the baby. The cord must not be cut.
  • The placenta usually delivers within 30 minutes after the baby is delivered. The mother will continue to have contractions during this time. She may bleed from the birth canal. Once the placenta is expelled, it should be put it in a clean container or plastic bag so that it can be taken to the hospital for analysis.
  • It is important to prevent hypothermia, or low body temperature, in either the mother or the baby. Both should be kept dry and warm.
  • What are the side effects of the treatments?

    Emergency delivery is difficult for all involved. That's because it involves so much physical and psychological stress. It is important to talk about any fears, guilty feelings, or negative reactions to the experience with a healthcare provider. Unplanned delivery has no harmful long-term psychological effects, as long as medical problems do not occur.

    What happens after treatment for the condition?

    Both mother and baby need immediate medical attention as soon as possible after delivery. This is to prevent possible complications. Emergency rescue (911) should be called.

    How is the condition monitored?

    A short stay in the hospital is usually wise. Mother and baby can be watched for signs of infection or bleeding.

    Previous section


    Next section

    Childbirth, Emergency Delivery: Prevention & Expectations


    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Adam Brochert, MD
    Date Reviewed: 09/11/01

    \"$alt_text\"');"); } else { echo"\"$alt_text\""; } ?>

    Home | About Us | FAQ | Contact | Advertising Policy | Privacy Policy | Bookmark Site