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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Colorectal Polyps: Treatment & Monitoring
      Category : Health Centers > Digestive System

Colorectal Polyps

Alternate Names : Colon Polyps, Rectal Polyps

Colorectal Polyps | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What are the treatments for the condition?

When polyps are seen with a barium enema X-ray test, the person may need a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. During these procedures, the healthcare provider can sometimes remove or destroy polyps through the tube. Otherwise, the provider may cut off a small piece of the polyp for a biopsy to be looked at under a microscope.

In some cases, a portion of the colon is removed surgically, with a colostomy. This is usually done if the polyp is large, or if the biopsy looks suspicious under the microscope.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy involve a risk of tearing a hole in the bowel, bleeding, and infection. This risk is increased when biopsies are taken. Any surgery involves a risk of infection, bleeding, and allergic reaction to anesthesia.

What happens after treatment for the condition?

After a polyp is treated, the person can generally go back to his or her normal activities. The healthcare provider will recommend a follow-up plan based on the type of polyps a person has.

How is the condition monitored?

All persons are advised to have regular screening for colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer after the age of 50. Those with polyps will need more frequent future screenings with either colonoscopy or barium enema.

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Colorectal Polyps: Prevention & Expectations


Author: Adam Brochert, MD
Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
Date Reviewed: 07/02/01

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