Poliovirus Vaccine (Systemic)
Before Receiving This Vaccine
For a while after you are immunized, there is a very small risk (1 in 2.2
million) that any persons living in your household who have not yet been immunized
against polio or who have or had an immune deficiency condition may develop
poliomyelitis (polio) from being around you. Talk to your doctor if you have
any questions about this.
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be
weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor
will make. For polio vaccine, the following should be considered:
Allergies - Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or
allergic reaction to polio vaccine or to neomycin, polymyxin B, or streptomycin.
The polio vaccines available in the U.S. and Canada may contain neomycin,
polymyxin B, and/or streptomycin. Also tell your health care professional
if you are allergic to any other substances, such as foods, preservatives,
Diet - Make certain your health care professional
knows if you are on any special diet, such as a low-sugar diet, because the
oral solution form of polio vaccine may be given to you on a sugar cube.
Pregnancy - Studies on effects in pregnancy have not been done
in either humans or animals. However, this vaccine has not been shown to cause
birth defects or other problems in humans. Although it is not recommended
for all pregnant women, polio vaccine is given to pregnant women who are at
great risk of catching polio.
Breast-feeding - Polio vaccine has not been reported to cause problems
in nursing babies.
Children - Use is not recommended for infants up to 6 weeks
of age. For infants and children 6 weeks of age and older, polio vaccine is
not expected to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults.
Older adults - Many medicines have not been studied specifically
in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly
the same way they do in younger adults. Although there is no specific information
comparing use of polio vaccine in the elderly with use in other age groups,
this vaccine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems in
older persons than it does in younger adults.
Other medicines - Although certain medicines should not be used
together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together
even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to
change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Before you receive
polio vaccine, it is especially important that your health care professional
know if you are receiving or have received any of the following:
Cancer medicines or
Corticosteroids (e.g., cortisone-like medicines) or
Radiation therapy - May reduce the useful effect of the vaccine
Other medical problems - The presence of other medical
problems may affect the use of polio vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor
if you have any other medical problems, especially:
Virus infection or
Vomiting - The condition may reduce the useful effect of the
Illness (moderate or severe) or
Weakness (severe) - The symptoms of the condition may be confused
with possible side effects of the vaccine
Immune deficiency condition (or family history of) - The condition
may increase the chance of side effects of the vaccine