Alternate Names : Endometrial Curettage, Endometrial Sampling
An endometrial biopsy is a procedure in which the healthcare provider removes a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus.
Who is a candidate for the procedure?
An endometrial biopsy may be done for the following reasons:
to check on the effectiveness of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT)
to collect cells to culture for signs of infection
to identify the cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding
to look for causes of infertility
to rule out the possibility of cancer of the uterus
How is the procedure performed?
The woman lies on her back, with her knees up and her feet in stirrups. The healthcare provider places a speculum within the vagina. This device helps enlarge the opening of the vagina. Then, the provider uses a metal grasper, called a tenaculum. This device straightens the angle of the uterus. Next, the healthcare provider passes a small, plastic or metal tube into the uterus. The provider uses a mild vacuum to remove endometrial cells. The cell sample is sent to the lab for study.