How is the condition diagnosed?
Diagnosis of endometriosis begins with a medical history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam. A laparoscopy may be done to confirm the diagnosis. A small incision is made, and a lighted tube is inserted into the pelvis. The healthcare provider looks for abnormal cells and other abnormalities. If the endometriosis is severe, an exploratory laparotomy may be done. This involves a larger incision in the abdomen. The provider can then use tiny surgical tools to identify problems.