Alternate Names : Alopecia, Baldness
What are the treatments for the condition?
Treatment is directed at the underlying cause. Treatment may include:
medication for male pattern baldness, such as minoxidil and finasteride
antibiotics to treat a fungal or
stopping a medication that is causing hair loss
medication to treat an underlying condition, such as iron or thyroid
medications applied to the area of hair loss to reduce inflammation
Some people may choose hair grafting, or hair transplantation, to cover areas
of hair loss. There are several hair-grafting techniques, which involve taking
pieces of scalp from hair-growing areas on the back or side of the head and
placing them into slits on the balding areas.
Wigs, hair weaves, toupees, and other hairpieces may be used to cover areas
where hair is thin or absent. Other treatments may be used for other causes.
Some people choose no treatment at all.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
All medications may cause side effects. For example, finasteride may cause
erectile dysfunction in
men. Antibiotics may cause
rash, stomach upset, or
What happens after treatment for the condition?
If treatment is successful, the hair loss stops. With male pattern baldness,
treatment is often needed for life to prevent further hair loss. In some cases,
treatment may allow the hair to grow back completely. Treatment may be needed
for long periods of time if the underlying cause is a serious disease.
How is the condition monitored?
Both the affected person and the healthcare provider can frequently examine the
area of hair loss to see if treatment is effective. Other monitoring depends on
the cause of the hair loss. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to
the healthcare provider.