Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Alternate Names : HUS
What are the treatments for the condition?
A person with HUS often requires admission to the hospital. Treatment may include:
fluids and salt given through an IV tube in the arm
medications, such as diuretic medications or "fluid pills," to promote urination. Medications to treat high blood pressure, which commonly occurs when the kidneys are damaged, may also be needed.
use of dialysis if the kidneys stop working. Dialysis is a procedure in which the person is hooked up to a machine to filter the blood. Dialysis may be needed for a long period of time or even permanently in severe cases. Some people may ultimately need a kidney transplant.
blood transfusion of red blood cells or platelets if the blood counts get too low. Other blood products may be needed in special circumstances.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
All medications have possible side effects, such as allergic reactions, stomach upset, and others. Specific side effects depend on the medications used. Transfusion of blood products may cause allergic reactions or infections in some cases. Dialysis is a complicated treatment that has to be done often. There are many possible side effects, including death.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
Kidney function may be slightly lower even in someone who seems to have recovered fully. The long-term effects of this are unclear. Many people can return to normal activities shortly after recovery. Those with severe kidney damage may require ongoing treatment for life.
How is the condition monitored?
A person who has had HUS is often monitored regularly with complete blood counts, or CBC's, and kidney function tests.