What are the treatments for the condition?
The main treatment of hyperthyroidism is to reduce the production of thyroid hormone. This can be done with drugs, such as:
Medications called beta-blockers, such as atenolol or metoprolol, can also used to block the effects of thyroid on tissues.
Some people are treated by altering or destroying the thyroid gland using radioactive iodine. Radioactive iodine is taken up by the thyroid gland and destroys the excessive thyroid tissue. This treatment is commonly used in Graves' disease. It is not helpful in people with thyroiditis. Surgery is not usually done, except in the case of a tumor that secretes thyroid hormone.
What are the side effects of the treatments?
The side effects of treatment depend on the medications used. When radioactive iodine is used to destroy the thyroid gland, people will usually need thyroid hormone replacement therapy for the rest of their lives. Pregnant women should not receive radioactive iodine.
What happens after treatment for the condition?
After a person is treated for hyperthyroidism, the levels of thyroid hormone will continue to be checked. Medications are adjusted to maintain normal levels. Blood tests are used to confirm the level of thyroid hormone production.
How is the condition monitored?
The condition is monitored by regular physical exams and blood tests.