Alternate Names : Icterus
What can be done to prevent the condition?
In adults, two of the most common causes of jaundice are viral liver infection known as hepatitis, and alcohol. Alcohol does not cause this condition unless it is abused. A hepatitis B vaccine is available and can prevent some cases of viral hepatitis. Many cases of jaundice cannot be prevented.
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
Jaundice itself doesn't have any long-term effects. It is a description of the yellowish tint that occurs. However, the underlying cause of the jaundice may have severe long-term effects, including liver failure and death. Babies with jaundice may rarely develop brain damage if the level of bilirubin gets too high.
What are the risks to others?
Jaundice itself is not contagious and poses no risks to others. If viral hepatitis is the cause of the jaundice, it may or may not be contagious. The forms of hepatitis that are contagious are usually spread by sexual contact or sharing of needles, such as by intravenous drug users.