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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Medical Symptoms > Menstrual Cramps: Diagnosis & Tests
      Category : Health Centers > Reproductive System

Menstrual Cramps

Alternate Names : Dysmenorrhea

Menstrual Cramps | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

How is the condition diagnosed?

Diagnosis of menstrual cramps begins with a medical history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam. Tests to rule out physical causes can include:

  • abdominal exploration surgery
  • blood tests
  • cultures to check for sexually transmitted disease
  • a dilatation and curettage (D&C)
  • laparoscopy, a procedure in which a small lighted tube is inserted into the abdomen
  • an ultrasound of the vagina
  • If physical causes are found, secondary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed. Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed by ruling out possible physical causes.

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    Menstrual Cramps: Symptoms & Signs


    Menstrual Cramps: Prevention & Expectations

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Barbara Mallari, RN, BSN, PHN
    Date Reviewed: 06/07/01

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