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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Miscarriage: Diagnosis & Tests


Alternate Names : Spontaneous Abortion, Complete Abortion

Miscarriage | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

How is the condition diagnosed?

A blood or urine test will be done to confirm that a pregnancy exists. The level of the pregnancy hormone HCG may be checked several times over a period of days or weeks. Rising levels suggest that the fetus is growing. Levels that fall or stay steady suggest a malformed or dying fetus.

Other tests can include the following:

  • a complete blood count, called CBC, if the woman is bleeding heavily
  • a pelvic exam to see if the cervix is open and whether there is any fetal tissue in the vagina or the cervix
  • a pregnancy ultrasound to check for any fetal movement and heartbeat and to rule out an ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when the egg implants outside the uterus
  • a progesterone level to find out if enough of the hormone is being made to maintain the pregnancy
  • a white blood cell count to rule out infection

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    Miscarriage: Symptoms & Signs


    Miscarriage: Prevention & Expectations

    Author: Eva Martin, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 09/14/01

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