What are the treatments for the condition?
When a hole in the eardrum is diagnosed, it is important to take the following steps.
Avoid blowing the nose.
Avoid changes in elevation.
Keep contaminated or soapy water out of the ear canal.
Most ruptures caused by trauma, ear infections, and ear tubes will heal on
their own. But some ruptures may require surgery. Patches of paper or fat are used to repair small holes. For larger holes, tissue is usually taken from the chewing muscle located in
the temple. This tissue is then placed under the
eardrum or on its surface. It acts as a scaffold for the drum to heal
What are the side effects of the treatments?
Surgery may cause bleeding, infection, or allergic
anesthesia. Ear surgery may also cause hearing
What happens after treatment for the condition?
If treatment is successful, the protective barrier effect of the eardrum is
restored. The person's hearing returns to a completely normal state.
How is the condition monitored?
Hearing should improve as the hole closes. If this does not happen, there may
be another rupture. Anyone with a known rupture who gets water in the middle
ear should use antibiotic eardrops to prevent an ear infection.
A person who has continued or recurrent episodes of ear drainage may have a
chronic ear infection. The healthcare provider should be consulted. Any other new or worsening symptoms should also be reported to the provider.