Therapeutic Drug Levels
Alternate Names : Drug Levels, Serum Drug Levels, Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Therapeutic drug levels refers to a test that measures the amount of the drug in the bloodstream.
When a medication is given as therapy for a disease, the amount of the drug in the blood is extremely important. This is because too much of the drug may be harmful, while too little may be ineffective. The same dose of medication may help one person and harm another. This test helps healthcare providers determine the correct dose of medication to give a person.
Who is a candidate for the test?
Not all medications require drug levels to be measured. The healthcare provider will let a person known if drug level testing is needed. Examples of medications that need monitoring include certain antibiotics, such as gentamicin and vancomycin, seizure medications, such as phenytoin, and heart medicines, such as digoxin.
How is the test performed?
To measure the amount of a medication in the bloodstream, a blood sample is needed. Blood is usually taken from a vein on the forearm or hand. First, the skin over the vein is cleaned with an antiseptic. Next, a strong rubber tube, or "tourniquet," is wrapped around the upper arm. This enlarges the veins in the lower arm by restricting blood flow through them. A fine needle is gently inserted into a vein, and the tourniquet is removed. Blood flows from the vein through the needle and is collected in a syringe or vial. The blood is then sent to the laboratory for testing. After the needle is withdrawn, the puncture site is covered for a short time to prevent bleeding.