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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Tularemia: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Respiratory System (Lungs and Breathing)


Alternate Names : Rabbit Fever

Tularemia | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the disease?

Tularemia can be prevented by wearing gloves and masks when handling potentially infected animals, especially wild rabbits. Game meats should be thoroughly cooked prior to eating. Long pants and socks can protect a person from tick bites. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has a live vaccine that can be given to decrease the frequency and severity of infection. Using insect repellants and removing ticks quickly may also decrease the risk of tularemia.

What are the long-term effects of the disease?

When treated promptly, tularemia seldom has long-term effects. If it is untreated or if treatment is delayed, the infection may affect any part of the body, causing:

  • lung problems, such as pneumonia
  • gastrointestinal problems, such as damage to the stomach
  • damage to the cornea of the eye
  • enlargement of the heart
  • liver problems, such as hepatitis
  • bone disease or infection producing osteomyelitis
  • infection of the spinal fluid or fluid surrounding the brain, such as meningitis
  • If untreated, severe forms of tularemia can be fatal.

    What are the risks to others?

    There have been no documented cases of tularemia being spread from one person to another.

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    Tularemia: Diagnosis & Tests


    Tularemia: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Danielle Zerr, MD
    Reviewer: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Date Reviewed: 04/11/01

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