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You are here : 3-RX.com > Medical Encyclopedia > Diseases and Conditions > Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevention & Expectations
      Category : Health Centers > Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Alternate Names : Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus | Symptoms & Signs | Diagnosis & Tests | Prevention & Expectations | Treatment & Monitoring

What can be done to prevent the disease?

Recently, scientists have begun looking into promising new ways to prevent type 1 diabetes in certain people that are at a very high risk. This is possible because scientists are now able to predict a person's risk for developing type 1 diabetes with greater accuracy.

What are the long-term effects of the disease?

Some of the long-term effects of type 1 diabetes include:

  • atherosclerosis, also known as hardening of the arteries, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes
  • autonomic neuropathy, which may cause digestion problems, erectile dysfunction in males, and low blood pressure
  • bacterial infections of the skin
  • diabetic retinopathy, damage to the retina of the eye that can cause blindness
  • increased risk of dying from coronary heart disease, known as CHD
  • diabetic nephropathy, damage to the kidneys that can lead to kidney failure
  • fungal infections like ringworm and athlete's foot
  • peripheral neuropathy, or damage to nerves in the limbs, which can cause serious infections that may require amputation
  • urinary tract infections
  • vaginal yeast infections, because high levels of blood glucose encourage the growth of yeast
  • Coma or death may occur as a result of diabetic ketoacidosis. In addition, smoking greatly increases the risk of getting many of these long-term effects. People with diabetes who smoke are a much higher risk for heart attacks, strokes, infections, and problems with circulation.

    What are the risks to others?

    Diabetes is not catching and poses no risk to others. Type 1 diabetes can sometimes run in families.

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    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis & Tests


    Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Treatment & Monitoring

    Author: Eileen McLaughlin, RN, BSN
    Reviewer: Melinda Murray Ratini, DO
    Date Reviewed: 08/15/02

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